Special Children

 


CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS:
            There are many neurological disorders in children that affect their brain and nervous system functioning.


Types of Neurological Problems in Children:
            There are different types of neurological conditions that affect the central and peripheral nervous system. These various types of neurological disorders can occur due to congenital (by birth), heredity, trauma, exposure to toxic chemicals, tumors and infections. Most of the common neurological disorders include development delays, severe headaches, seizures, abnormal increase in head size, muscle rigidity, lack of coordination, etc. Traumatic brain injuries can occur due to motor accident, near drowning accident, brain injury due to fall, etc. Certain neurological diseases occur due to infections like Ebola, malaria, encephalitis and meningitis. Genetics too plays an important role in development of neurological symptoms in children. These include hydrocephalus, anencephaly, autism, etc. If the mother was an alcoholic or drug addict, it may cause development of congenital neurological diseases.


Symptoms of Neurological Disorders:
            There are certain neurological disorders symptoms that one should look out for. If these symptoms are observed, you should speak to a pediatrician for further diagnoses. These symptoms in children include:
Developmental milestone delay


• Abnormal Head Size
• Lack of Coordination
• Sudden changes in Mood or Consciousness
• Muscle Rigidity
• Tremors or Seizures
• Persistent Headaches in Older Children
• Loss of Feeling and Tingling Sensation
• Muscle Weakness
• Paralysis
• Loss of Consciousness
• Memory Loss
• Muscle Spasms or Convulsions
• Disorientation


List of Neurological Problems in Children:

              There is a long list of neurological disorders in children. We shall break up this list into groups like rare, common and congenital & hereditary disorders.

Neurological Conditions in Newborns
• Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH)
• Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL)

Congenital and Hereditary Neurological Conditions:
• Anencephaly
• Cerebral Palsy
• Chiari Malformation
• Craniosynostosis
• Hydrocephalus
• Microcephaly
• Spina Bifida Occulta

Common Neurological Conditions:
• Brain tumor
• Cerebral palsy
• Chiari malformation
• Craniofacial abnormalities
• Craniosynostosis
• Developmental disorders
• Encephalopathy
• Epilepsy
• Walking and/or gait disorders
• Gilles de la Tourette syndrome
• Hydrocephalus
• Hypotonia
• Metabolic diseases
• Migraine
• Movement disorders
• Spina bifida
• Spasticity
• Spine tumor
• Spinal cord, nerve and muscle diseases
• Tethered cord syndrome
• Tremors

Rare Neurological Conditions:
• Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD)
• Alexander Disease
• Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD)
• Krabbe Disease
• Sub acute Necrotizing Encephalomyelopathy (SNEM)

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